Stinging Nettle

The stinging sensation upon touching the fresh plant (unpleasant not only for humans, but also to other animals) is caused by histamine, serotonin, leukotrienes, acetylcholine and formic acid. These powerful self-defense agents are released from thin needles made of silica and calcium carbonate that break easily when touched.

The most frequently encountered nettle species are common nettle (Urtica dioica L), small nettle (Urtica urens L.) and Urtica canabina L. Medical and cosmetic applications of nettle have a long history. In traditional herbal medicine nettle finds numerous applications, although the details of its biological activity are still scarce. In cosmetics, nettle is an efficient antidandruff and anidermatitis agent strengthening hair bulbs. It helps to dry the scalp and remove the dirt rendering the hair fluffy and thick. For the best effect, it is recommended to use nettle both internally (as herbal teas, tablets but also in salads, soups, etc.) and externally (on skin, as tonics and shampoos). The optimal period for harvesting the leaves is June-September and autumn or early spring for roots.

logo eu1